1. The health system in the United Kingdom is mostly delivered by the National Health Service (NHS) and social care mostly by local authorities. In this pamphlet we collectively refer to the two systems as “the care system”.
  2. The King’s Fund (2014) A New Settlement for Health and Social Care – interim report
  3. Fernández, J-L., Snell T., Wistow, G. (2013) Changes in the Patterns of Social Care Provision in England: 2005/6 to 2012/13.
  4. Georghiou, T. and Bardsley, M. (2014) Exploring the Cost of Care at the End of Life.
  5. Knight Frank (2013) 2013 Care Homes Trading Performance Review.
  6. Health Select Committee (2013) Public Expenditure on Health and Care Services: Eleventh Report of Session 2012-13 Volume I.
  7. Data cited in: Longevity Science Advisory Panel (2012) Life Expectancy – past and future variations by socio-economic group in England & Wales
  8. Office for National Statistics (2014) Life Expectancy at Birth and at Age 65 by Local Areas in England and Wales, 2011-13
  9. Forder, J. and Fernández, J-L. (2012) Analysing the Costs and Benefits of Social Care Funding Arrangements in England: technical report
  10. Cited in Nolte, E., Knai, C., McKee, M. (2008) Managing chronic conditions: Experience in eight countries
  11. Age UK (2015) Later Life in the United Kingdom
  12. Department of Health (2011) Healthy Lives, Healthy People: a call to action on obesity in England
  13. The Information Centre for Health and Social Care (2012) Quality and Outcomes Framework, Achievement, Prevalence and Exceptions Data 2011/12.
  14. Association of Public Health Observatories (2012) APHO Diabetes Prevalence Model for England, Scotland and Wales
  15. World Health Organization data cited in Woolf, S. and Aron, L. (eds) (2013) US Health in International Perspective: Shorter Lives, Poorer Health Washington, DC: The National Academies Press
  16. Thomas-Symonds, N. (2015) Nye: The Political life of Aneurin Bevan London: I.B.Tauris
  17. Which? (2014) The Care Maze – The challenges of navigating care for older people
  18. Macmillan Cancer Support (2014) Cancer in the UK 2014
  19. Lawton-Smith, S. and McCulloch, A. (2011) A brief history of specialist mental health services
  20. Mental Health Foundation (2007) The Fundamental Facts
  21. Priest, J. (2012) The integration of Health and Social Care
  22. Austin Regional Clinic (2015) Extensivists
  23. Committee on a Framework for Developing a New Taxonomy of Disease; Board on Life Sciences; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Research Council (2011) Toward Precision Medicine: Building a Knowledge Network for Biomedical Research and a New Taxonomy of Disease
  24. Board on Life Sciences; Division on Earth and Life Studies; National Research Council (2009) A New Biology for the 21st Century
  25. See, for instance: Imperial College London (2015) Data Science Institute and Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust Designated a Genomic Medical Centre by NHS England to Join Fight Against Cancer and Rare Diseases (2014)
  26. QS Top Universities (2014) QS World University Rankings 2014/15
  27. QS Top Universities (2014) QS World University Rankings 2014/15
  28. See, for instance: London Cancer North and East (2013) Specialist Services Reconfiguration: A case for change in specialist cancer services
  29. Department of Health (2008), High Quality Care For All
  30. Nyce, C. (2007), Predictive Analytics White Paper American Institute for CPCU/Insurance Institute of America
  31. NHS England (2014) NHS Five Year Forward View
  32. Ham, C., Dixon, A., Brooke, B. (2012) Transforming the Delivery of Health and Social Care – the case for fundamental change
  33. E. Powell (1961) “Water Tower” speech
  34. Ham C. et al. (2015) The NHS Under the Coalition Government.
  35. The King’s Fund (2011) The Future of Leadership and Management in the NHS – no more heroes
  36. Knapp, M et al (2007) Dementia: International comparisons
  37. Royal College of Nursing (2013) Frontline First: running the red light – November 2013 special report
  38. Skills for Care and Fernández, J-L. (2013) National Minimum Data Set for Social Care trend briefing issue 1 – Care Worker Pay
  39. Porter, M. E. and Olmsted Tesiburg, E. (2005) Redefining Health Care: creating value-based competition on results Boston: Harvard Business School Press
  40. Priest, J. (2012) The integration of health and social care
  41. Gershlick, B. (2015) The Health Foundation: international comparisons Available at:
  42. Cited in Harker, R. (2012) House of Commons Briefing Paper: statistics on alcohol
  43. Quote Investigator (2015) Don’t just do Something; Stand There
  44. Ipsos MORI (2014) Ipsos MORI Survey for the British Medical Association
  45. Foot, M. (1973) Aneurin Bevan: A Biography: Volume 2: 1945- 1960 London: Scribner
  46. Department for Communities and Local Government (2013) The Fiscal Case for Working with Troubled Families
  47. Boston Consulting Group Competing on Outcomes: Winning Strategies for Value-Based Health Care – Managing the Risks of Whole Patient Health